India is the world's largest producer of raw jute and jute, contributing more than 50 percent and 40 percent of global production.
The culture of jute in India originates mainly from the eastern region of the country. Jute is grown in nearly 83 districts in seven states - West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Tripura and Meghalaya. West Bengal alone accounts for over 50 percent of raw jute production.
How is it grown?
Jute is generally sown from March to May depending on the nature of the soil and weather conditions. About 90-100 days after the seedling and jute plants reach the desired length, they are then cut with thorns close to the ground. The stems are then made into bundles and left in the field for 3 to 4 days. These packages are then soaked in water for retting for approximately 3 weeks.
During this period, the fibers detach from the stem of the plant and are separated manually. These fibers are carefully washed in clean water, dried in the sun and made into bundles.
What are the advantages of jute?
Jute is environmentally friendly and fully biodegradable. Jute bags are locally processed products while synthetic bags are made from polyester granules, the manufacture of which presents a number of risks. Jute bags have porosity, easily withstand high temperatures, and are much stronger than poly bags. Jute bags can be recycled and reused and can be easily repaired.
By Inès T.